Relieve Hand Arthritis Symptoms Rheumatoid: Learn About Arthritis

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on understanding and managing Hand Arthritis Symptoms Rheumatoid caused by rheumatoid arthritis. As one of the most common forms of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis affects millions of people worldwide, causing chronic inflammation, pain, and stiffness in the joints. When this condition affects the hands, it can severely limit mobility and make even simple tasks challenging.

In this guide, we will provide you with a detailed overview of rheumatoid arthritis, its causes, and how it leads to hand arthritis symptoms. We will also discuss the common signs and symptoms of hand arthritis, diagnostic methods, and possible treatments that can help relieve pain and improve mobility. Additionally, we will explore lifestyle changes and alternative therapies that can complement medical treatment and help manage symptoms.

We understand that living with hand arthritis can be challenging and emotionally taxing. Therefore, we will also provide you with tips on coping with the condition and maintaining emotional well-being.

If you or someone you know is experiencing hand arthritis symptoms, this guide is a valuable resource for finding relief and improving your quality of life.

Understanding Rheumatoid Arthritis

hand arthritis symptoms rheumatoid

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects approximately 1.3 million Americans. It occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the synovial lining of the joints, causing inflammation and damage to the joint tissues. RA is most commonly associated with joint pain and stiffness, but it can also affect other parts of the body.

While RA can affect any joint in the body, it often begins in the hands. The small joints in the fingers and wrists are particularly susceptible to RA damage, leading to hand arthritis symptoms such as pain, swelling, and stiffness.

Causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis

The exact cause of RA is unknown, but researchers believe that genetic and environmental factors may play a role. Certain genes appear to increase the risk of developing RA, and exposure to certain environmental triggers such as smoking or infections may also contribute to the development of the disease.

How Rheumatoid Arthritis Affects the Hands

RA damages the joint lining, causing inflammation that can eventually lead to the destruction of cartilage and bone. In the hands, this damage can lead to deformities, loss of function, and significant pain. The inflammation can also extend to other structures in the hand, such as tendons and ligaments, leading to additional symptoms and complications.

Early diagnosis and treatment of RA is critical for preventing or minimizing joint damage and improving outcomes. In the following sections, we will delve into the signs and symptoms of hand arthritis, the diagnostic process, and the various treatment options available.

Signs and Symptoms of Hand Arthritis

Hand arthritis caused by rheumatoid arthritis can be a painful and debilitating condition. The following are common signs and symptoms:

Symptom Description
Pain Pain in the joints, especially during movement or when pressure is applied.
Stiffness Difficulty moving the joints, particularly in the morning or after periods of rest.
Swelling Swollen joints which may appear red and feel warm to the touch.
Functional limitations Reduced ability to grip or grasp objects, as well as perform day-to-day tasks such as buttoning clothes.

It is important to note that hand arthritis symptoms may not appear immediately and can worsen over time if left untreated. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is recommended to seek medical attention promptly.

Diagnosing Hand Arthritis

hand arthritis symptoms rheumatoid

Diagnosing hand arthritis involves a comprehensive process that considers an individual’s medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and imaging studies.

Medical History

During the medical history interview, the healthcare professional will ask questions about the individual’s symptoms, when they started, and how they have progressed. They will also ask about any previous injuries, medical conditions, medications, and lifestyle factors that may contribute to joint pain and inflammation.

Physical Examination

A physical examination is an essential part of diagnosing hand arthritis. The healthcare professional will examine the hands, wrists, and other joints to assess the range of motion, tenderness, swelling, and deformities. They may also test muscle strength, reflexes, and sensation to rule out other conditions.

Imaging Tests

Imaging tests, such as X-rays, ultrasounds, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide detailed images of the bones, joints, and soft tissues in the hands. X-rays can show the damage to the bones and cartilage caused by arthritis, while MRI and ultrasound can reveal inflammation in the joints, tendons, and ligaments.

Advantages Limitations
  • Helps determine the severity of the condition.
  • Non-invasive and widely available.
  • May not show early signs of arthritis.
  • Does not provide information on the progression of arthritis.

Laboratory Tests

Laboratory tests can help confirm the diagnosis of hand arthritis. Blood tests can detect certain antibodies and markers that indicate inflammation in the body. These tests include:

  • Rheumatoid factor (RF)
  • Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP)
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
  • C-reactive protein (CRP)
Advantages Limitations
  • Helps confirm the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Assesses the severity of inflammation.
  • Results may be inconclusive in some cases.
  • Some individuals with arthritis may not have elevated levels of antibodies or markers.

The diagnostic process for hand arthritis may take time, and a careful evaluation is essential in developing an effective treatment plan. Individuals should consult with their healthcare professional to discuss their options and address any concerns they may have.

Treating Hand Arthritis Symptoms

hand arthritis symptoms rheumatoid

There are several treatment options available for relieving hand arthritis symptoms, ranging from non-pharmacological approaches to medications and surgical interventions.

Non-Pharmacological Approaches

Non-pharmacological approaches to treating hand arthritis may include:

  • Exercises and stretching: Gentle exercises and stretching can help improve joint mobility and reduce pain and stiffness.
  • Splints or braces: Splints or braces can provide support and help protect the joints from further damage.
  • Hot and cold therapy: Applying heat or cold to the affected area can help relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
  • Hand therapy: Working with a hand therapist can help individuals learn exercises and techniques to reduce pain and improve function.


Various medications may be used to relieve hand arthritis symptoms, including:

Medication Type How It Works Examples
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) Reduce pain and inflammation Ibuprofen, aspirin, naproxen
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) Slow the progression of the disease and reduce inflammation Methotrexate, sulfasalazine, hydroxychloroquine
Corticosteroids Reduce inflammation and swelling Prednisone, cortisone

Surgical Interventions

Surgical interventions may be necessary for severe or persistent hand arthritis symptoms. Some common surgical procedures include:

  • Synovectomy: Removal of inflamed tissue surrounding the joint.
  • Arthroplasty: Joint replacement surgery.
  • Arthrodesis: Fusion of the bones in a joint to provide stability.

It is important to work with a healthcare professional to determine the most effective treatment plan for managing hand arthritis symptoms. Treatment may involve a combination of these approaches.

Lifestyle Changes to Manage Hand Arthritis

While there is no cure for hand arthritis, there are several lifestyle modifications that can help manage its symptoms. Here are some tips:

  • Protect your hands: Use protective gear such as gloves when engaging in activities that involve repetitive hand motions, such as gardening or housework. Use joint protection techniques to avoid overusing your hands, such as using larger handles or mechanical tools.
  • Manage your weight: Maintaining a healthy weight can alleviate some of the stress on your joints, particularly on the hands.
  • Stay active: Low-impact exercises such as swimming, cycling, and walking can help improve joint flexibility and strengthen the muscles surrounding your hands. Consult with your healthcare provider before starting any physical activity.
  • Apply heat or cold therapy: Applying heat or cold to the affected joints can help reduce pain and inflammation. Use heat therapy in the morning to relieve stiffness and cold therapy in the evening to relieve pain.
  • Get adequate rest: Make sure you get enough rest to prevent overusing your hands. When sleeping, avoid positions that can worsen symptoms, such as sleeping on your hands.

Remember, the key to managing hand arthritis symptoms is to protect your joints, maintain a healthy lifestyle, and seek the appropriate medical treatment when needed.

Alternative Therapies for Hand Arthritis

In addition to conventional treatments, some individuals with hand arthritis symptoms caused by rheumatoid arthritis may find relief through alternative therapies.

Acupuncture: This traditional Chinese medicine involves inserting thin needles into specific points on the body to stimulate energy flow and promote healing. Some individuals with hand arthritis report reduced pain and improved function after acupuncture sessions.

Herbal remedies: Certain herbs, such as ginger and turmeric, have anti-inflammatory properties that may help reduce hand arthritis symptoms. However, it is important to speak with a healthcare professional before starting any herbal remedies, as they may interact with medications or have undesirable side effects.

Dietary supplements: Supplements such as glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate are often marketed as natural remedies for arthritis. While some studies suggest they may have a mild benefit, there is not enough evidence to support their use as a primary treatment.

Massage therapy: Gentle massaging of the hands and fingers can help improve circulation and reduce pain and stiffness. It is important to find a qualified massage therapist experienced in working with individuals with arthritis.

Mind-body techniques: Practices such as meditation, yoga, and tai chi have been shown to reduce stress and improve flexibility in individuals with arthritis. These techniques can be helpful in managing hand arthritis symptoms and promoting overall well-being.

It is important to note that alternative therapies should not be used as a substitute for conventional medical treatment. Always consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new therapies or supplements.

Coping with Hand Arthritis: Emotional Well-being

Living with hand arthritis can be challenging both physically and emotionally. Chronic pain and limited mobility can take a toll on emotional well-being, leading to feelings of frustration, anxiety, and depression. However, with the right strategies, it is possible to manage the emotional impact of hand arthritis and maintain a positive outlook.

One key strategy for coping with hand arthritis is to stay connected with friends and family. Having a support network can help individuals cope with the challenges of hand arthritis and provide a sense of comfort and understanding. Additionally, seeking out support groups or online communities can connect individuals with others who are going through similar experiences.

Another important aspect of managing emotional well-being with hand arthritis is practicing self-care. This includes taking time for activities that bring joy and relaxation, such as hobbies, exercise, or meditation. It also involves prioritizing physical and mental health through regular check-ups with healthcare professionals and following recommended treatment plans.

Along with self-care, individuals can also benefit from seeking professional help for emotional support. Mental health professionals, such as therapists or counselors, can provide tools for coping with stress and emotion management strategies to help individuals maintain emotional well-being.


Coping with hand arthritis involves both physical and emotional strategies. Staying connected with others, practicing self-care, and seeking professional help when necessary can all contribute to maintaining emotional well-being. By managing the emotional impact of hand arthritis, individuals can improve overall quality of life and better handle the challenges of this chronic condition.

Frequently Asked Questions about Hand Arthritis Symptoms

Living with hand arthritis can be challenging, and it’s natural to have questions about your symptoms and how to manage them. Here are some common questions individuals may have about hand arthritis symptoms.

Can hand arthritis be cured?

Unfortunately, hand arthritis cannot be cured. However, there are many treatments available that can help manage symptoms and slow its progression. Working with your healthcare team to find the right treatment strategy for you can help improve your quality of life.

What are some common treatments for hand arthritis?

Treatment for hand arthritis can involve a range of approaches, including medications, non-pharmacological therapies such as physical therapy or occupational therapy, and surgical interventions. Your healthcare team can help you determine which treatments may be best suited for your individual needs.

What are some alternative therapies for hand arthritis?

Alternative therapies such as acupuncture, herbal remedies, and dietary supplements may provide some relief for hand arthritis symptoms, but it’s important to talk to your healthcare provider before starting any new treatments. They can help you determine if a particular therapy is safe and effective for you.

Can hand arthritis affect other parts of the body?

While hand arthritis typically affects the hands and wrists, it can also affect other parts of the body over time. It’s important to work with your healthcare provider to monitor your symptoms and develop a management plan that addresses any additional areas of involvement.

What can I do to manage hand arthritis symptoms at home?

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can be helpful in managing hand arthritis symptoms. This includes eating a balanced diet, getting regular exercise, and protecting your hands during daily activities. Your healthcare team can provide additional guidance on lifestyle modifications that may be beneficial for you.

What should I do if I experience new or worsening symptoms?

If you experience new or worsening symptoms, it’s important to let your healthcare provider know right away. They may recommend changes to your treatment plan or suggest additional therapies to manage your symptoms.

Jillian Hunt is a strong and inspiring individual who has been living with arthritis for over a decade. Despite the challenges she faces, she’s determined to find ways to manage her condition and improve her quality of life. She’s also an advocate for others who face similar challenges, sharing her insights on various forums.

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Arthritis Treatment Lab is a blog dedicated to providing information and resources on various treatment options for arthritis. From traditional approaches such as medication and physical therapy, to alternative therapies like acupuncture and herbal remedies, we strive to educate and empower individuals who are living with this condition. Our articles cover the latest research findings, practical tips for managing symptoms, and personal stories from people who have successfully overcome arthritis. Whether you are newly diagnosed or a long-time sufferer, Arthritis Treatment Lab is here to support you on your journey towards better health.