Managing RA Arthritis: Tips and Treatment Options – Your Guide to Relief

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on managing RA arthritis symptoms. We understand that living with RA arthritis can be challenging, but the good news is that there are many effective treatment options and lifestyle changes that can help relieve your symptoms.

At, we are dedicated to providing you with the latest information and advice on managing RA arthritis. In this guide, we will cover everything from understanding what RA arthritis is to coping with emotional health and aging.

Whether you’ve recently been diagnosed or have been living with RA arthritis for some time, our guide is here to help. It’s important to note that effective management of RA arthritis requires a combination of medical treatment, lifestyle changes, and emotional support.

We encourage you to seek advice from qualified professionals and use this guide as a resource to help you on your journey to relief. Let’s get started!

What is RA Arthritis?

ra arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis, commonly known as RA arthritis, is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the joints and other parts of the body. It occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy joint tissue, resulting in inflammation, pain, and reduced mobility.

The most common symptoms of RA arthritis include joint pain, stiffness, and swelling, particularly in the hands, wrists, and feet. Other symptoms may include fatigue, fever, and weight loss.

RA arthritis is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. While the exact cause is unknown, studies suggest that certain genes may increase the risk of developing the condition. Environmental factors, such as smoking and exposure to certain infections, may also play a role in its development.

Diagnosing RA Arthritis

Diagnosing RA arthritis typically involves a combination of physical exams, blood tests, and imaging studies. Early diagnosis is crucial for managing symptoms and preventing joint damage, so it’s important to seek medical attention for any persistent joint pain or stiffness.

During a physical exam, a doctor will assess the joints for swelling, tenderness, and range of motion. They may also order blood tests to check for the presence of certain antibodies, such as rheumatoid factor and anti-CCP antibodies. These antibodies are often elevated in people with RA arthritis.

Imaging studies, such as X-rays, MRIs, and ultrasounds, can also be helpful in diagnosing RA arthritis. These tests can reveal joint damage and inflammation, which are common in people with RA arthritis.

If RA arthritis is suspected, a referral to a rheumatologist may be recommended for further evaluation and treatment. Rheumatologists are specialists in diagnosing and treating conditions that affect the joints and connective tissues.

Medications for RA Arthritis

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There are several types of medications available to manage RA arthritis symptoms. These include:

Medication How it Works Possible Side Effects
Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) Reduces pain and inflammation Stomach irritation, increased risk of heart attack or stroke
Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs) Slows the progression of RA arthritis Nausea, hair loss, liver damage
Biologic Response Modifiers Targets specific parts of the immune system to reduce inflammation Increased risk of infection, allergic reactions

It’s important to note that medication should be reviewed regularly by a healthcare professional, as the effectiveness and side effects may change over time. It’s also important to discuss any potential risks and benefits with your doctor before starting a new medication.


NSAIDs can be purchased over the counter or prescribed by a doctor. They work by blocking the production of certain enzymes in the body that cause inflammation and pain. However, they can cause stomach irritation and increase the risk of heart attack or stroke, especially in people with a history of heart disease.


DMARDs are typically prescribed by a rheumatologist and work to slow the progression of RA arthritis. They carry the risk of side effects such as nausea, hair loss, and liver damage. Regular blood tests are often required to monitor for potential side effects.

Biologic Response Modifiers

Biologic response modifiers target specific parts of the immune system to reduce inflammation. They are typically administered via injection or infusion and carry the risk of increased infection and allergic reactions. Regular blood tests and monitoring is required when taking this type of medication.

It’s important to communicate any concerns or side effects with your healthcare professional, as well as regularly reviewing and adjusting medication as needed.

Lifestyle Changes for RA Arthritis

ra arthritis

When managing RA arthritis, lifestyle changes can play a significant role in reducing symptoms and improving overall quality of life. Here are some tips to help you make the necessary changes:

  • Exercise regularly: Gentle exercises, such as walking, swimming, and yoga, can help to reduce pain, stiffness, and inflammation. Consult with a physical therapist to determine the best exercise plan for you.
  • Eat a healthy diet: A well-balanced diet can help to reduce inflammation and promote overall health. Focus on eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.
  • Use assistive devices: Adaptations and modifications around the home and workplace can make tasks easier and reduce strain on joints. Consider using a cane, orthotics, or ergonomic tools.
  • Get enough rest: Getting enough sleep is important for managing RA arthritis symptoms. Make sure to prioritize sleep and create a comfortable environment for sleeping.
  • Consider occupational therapy: Occupational therapy can help you develop strategies for managing daily tasks and reduce the risk of joint damage.

By incorporating these lifestyle changes, you can take an active role in managing your RA arthritis symptoms and improving your overall health and well-being.

Alternative Therapy for RA Arthritis

Alternative therapy is a complementary approach to managing RA arthritis symptoms. It includes a range of practices such as acupuncture, massage, and meditation.

Acupuncture involves the insertion of thin needles at specific points on the body to stimulate nerve impulses. It is thought to reduce pain and inflammation in the joints and improve overall well-being. Massage therapy, on the other hand, involves manipulating the muscles and soft tissues of the body to alleviate pain and stiffness. It can also improve circulation and range of motion.

It is important to note that alternative therapy should not be used as a substitute for medication or other medical treatments. Instead, it can be used as a complementary approach to manage symptoms.

Other alternative therapy options include meditation, tai chi, and yoga. These practices can help reduce stress and improve overall physical and mental health, which can have a positive impact on RA arthritis symptoms. However, it is important to consult with a qualified practitioner and understand the limitations of these therapies.

It is also worth noting that these therapies may not be suitable for everyone, especially those with certain medical conditions. Always consult with a qualified healthcare professional before starting any alternative therapy.

Surgery for RA Arthritis

ra arthritis

If medication and lifestyle changes are not enough to manage the symptoms of RA arthritis, surgery may be considered as an option. Joint replacement surgery involves replacing damaged joints with artificial ones to reduce pain and improve mobility. This surgery is most commonly performed on hips and knees.

Risks and Benefits of Surgery

As with any surgery, joint replacement surgery carries risks, including infection, blood clots, and nerve damage. However, for many people with RA arthritis, the benefits of reducing pain and improving mobility outweigh the risks.

Before any surgery, it is important to discuss the risks and benefits with your healthcare provider. They can help you decide if surgery is the right choice for you and provide guidance on what to expect during and after the procedure.

Seeking Professional Advice

If you are considering surgery for RA arthritis, it is important to seek advice from a qualified professional. A rheumatologist or orthopedic surgeon can evaluate your condition and provide guidance on the best treatment options for you.

It is also important to follow any pre-surgery instructions provided by your healthcare provider, such as stopping certain medications or preparing your home for your post-surgery recovery.

Dealing with Flare-Ups

Dealing with flare-ups of RA arthritis symptoms can be frustrating and distressing. However, there are several techniques and strategies that can help manage the pain and inflammation associated with these episodes.

Medication: It is important to take any prescribed medication as directed, even when symptoms are not present. When flare-ups do occur, additional medication may be necessary to manage the heightened pain and inflammation.

Lifestyle modifications: During flare-ups, it may be necessary to reduce activity levels and avoid strenuous exercise. Additionally, heat or cold therapy can help reduce inflammation and ease pain. It is also important to get adequate rest and sleep during this time.

Communication with healthcare professionals: Keeping in touch with your healthcare professional during flare-ups is important to ensure that your treatment plan is still effective. They may recommend adjustments to medication or other strategies to manage the symptoms.

Self-care: Taking care of yourself during flare-ups is crucial. This may involve practicing relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or meditation, or engaging in activities that bring you joy and reduce stress.

Support: During flare-ups, it can be helpful to seek support from friends, family, or support groups. This can provide emotional and practical support, as well as a sense of community and understanding.

Coping with Emotional Health

Dealing with RA arthritis can be emotionally challenging. The chronic pain, fatigue, and mobility issues can cause feelings of anxiety, depression, and frustration. Coping with emotional health is an important part of managing RA arthritis.

Seeking Emotional Support

Many people with RA arthritis find it helpful to talk to others who are going through similar challenges. Joining a support group or talking to a therapist can provide a space to discuss feelings and develop coping strategies. It can also help to talk to family and friends about the impact of RA arthritis on daily life.


Practicing self-care can help manage emotional health. This can involve taking breaks when needed, practicing relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation, and engaging in enjoyable activities. It is important to prioritize self-care and recognize when additional support is needed.

Maintaining a Positive Outlook

Maintaining a positive outlook can be difficult when living with RA arthritis, but it can help to focus on what can be accomplished rather than what cannot. Setting realistic goals, celebrating successes, and recognizing personal strengths can help develop a more positive mindset.

“Having RA is a game-changer, but it doesn’t have to be a game-ender.” – Kelly Rouba

Living with RA Arthritis: Tips for Daily Life

Living with RA arthritis can be challenging, but there are many tips and tricks to help manage symptoms and improve daily life. Here are some suggestions:

  • Modify your home and workspace to reduce strain on joints
  • Use assistive devices, such as braces or reachers, to make tasks easier
  • Engage in gentle exercise, such as swimming or yoga, to maintain mobility
  • Eat a balanced diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods, such as fruits and vegetables
  • Take breaks and rest when needed
  • Practice stress-reduction techniques, such as meditation or deep breathing

It’s also important to communicate openly with friends, family, and coworkers about your condition and any limitations you may have. Don’t be afraid to ask for help when needed, and prioritize self-care to maintain your physical and emotional health.

RA Arthritis and Pregnancy

RA arthritis can present unique challenges during pregnancy. It’s important to work closely with your healthcare provider to manage symptoms and ensure a healthy pregnancy.

Here are some tips for managing RA arthritis during pregnancy:

  1. Communicate with your healthcare provider: It’s important to discuss your pregnancy plans with your healthcare provider and work together to manage your symptoms throughout your pregnancy.
  2. Understand your medication options: Some RA arthritis medications may not be safe during pregnancy, while others may be safe under certain circumstances. It’s important to work with your healthcare provider to understand your options and determine the best course of action for you and your baby.
  3. Practice self-care: Pregnancy can be physically and emotionally demanding, so it’s important to prioritize self-care. This may include getting enough rest, eating a healthy diet, and staying active with safe activities like prenatal yoga or swimming.
  4. Consider physical therapy: Physical therapy can help manage RA arthritis symptoms and prepare your body for childbirth. Talk to your healthcare provider about the benefits of physical therapy during pregnancy.
  5. Connect with support: Managing RA arthritis during pregnancy can be challenging, both physically and emotionally. Consider joining a support group or connecting with others who have gone through a similar experience.

With the right support and management, it’s possible to have a healthy pregnancy while managing RA arthritis symptoms.

RA Arthritis and Aging

Aging can have a significant impact on RA arthritis symptoms. As we age, our joints experience natural wear and tear, which can exacerbate joint pain and stiffness associated with RA arthritis. However, with proper management, it is possible to live a fulfilling life with RA arthritis, even as we age.

It is important to stay active as we age, but it is equally important to listen to our bodies and avoid overexertion. Low-impact exercise, such as swimming or yoga, can help maintain joint flexibility and reduce pain. Additionally, a healthy diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods, such as fruits and vegetables, can also help manage symptoms.

For older adults with RA arthritis, it may be necessary to make adjustments to daily activities. This can include using assistive devices, such as grab bars and handrails, to reduce the risk of falls, or modifying home and work environments to reduce strain on joints.

It is important to work closely with a healthcare professional to ensure that medications are appropriately managed and adjusted as we age. Additionally, regular check-ups and monitoring can help detect any changes in symptoms or joint damage and allow for prompt adjustments to treatment plans.


Q: Can RA arthritis be cured?

A: Unfortunately, there is no cure for RA arthritis at the moment. However, with proper treatment and management, it is possible to control symptoms and improve quality of life.

Q: Are there any natural remedies for RA arthritis?

A: While there are no natural remedies that can cure RA arthritis, some alternative therapies such as acupuncture, massage, and meditation may help with symptom management. However, it is important to consult with a qualified practitioner and understand the limitations of these therapies.

Q: Can exercise help with RA arthritis?

A: Yes, exercise can help with RA arthritis by improving joint flexibility, increasing strength, and reducing pain and stiffness. It is important to consult with a physical therapist or qualified professional to develop an appropriate exercise program.

Q: Can diet modifications help with RA arthritis?

A: Some diet modifications may help with RA arthritis by reducing inflammation and improving overall health. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish and nuts, and anti-inflammatory foods, such as fruits and vegetables, may help. It is important to consult with a qualified professional before making any significant dietary changes.

Q: What is the best medication for RA arthritis?

A: The best medication for RA arthritis depends on an individual’s specific symptoms and medical history. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) are commonly used to manage symptoms. It is important to regularly review medications with a qualified professional and understand the potential side effects.

Q: Can RA arthritis affect pregnancy?

A: Yes, RA arthritis can affect pregnancy and it is important to work closely with healthcare professionals to manage symptoms and potential risks. Some RA medications may not be safe during pregnancy, so it is important to discuss treatment options with a qualified professional.

Q: How can emotional health be managed with RA arthritis?

A: Coping with the emotional impact of RA arthritis can be challenging. Seeking emotional support from friends, family, or support groups can help. Practicing self-care, such as engaging in hobbies or relaxation techniques, may also help alleviate stress and anxiety.

Q: How can daily life be adapted with RA arthritis?

A: Adapting daily life with RA arthritis may involve making modifications to the home or workplace to reduce stress on joints and improve accessibility. Using assistive devices such as braces or mobility aids may also be helpful. It is important to consult with a qualified professional for guidance and support.

Jillian Hunt is a strong and inspiring individual who has been living with arthritis for over a decade. Despite the challenges she faces, she’s determined to find ways to manage her condition and improve her quality of life. She’s also an advocate for others who face similar challenges, sharing her insights on various forums.

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Arthritis Treatment Lab is a blog dedicated to providing information and resources on various treatment options for arthritis. From traditional approaches such as medication and physical therapy, to alternative therapies like acupuncture and herbal remedies, we strive to educate and empower individuals who are living with this condition. Our articles cover the latest research findings, practical tips for managing symptoms, and personal stories from people who have successfully overcome arthritis. Whether you are newly diagnosed or a long-time sufferer, Arthritis Treatment Lab is here to support you on your journey towards better health.