Understanding Big Cell Arthritis: Your Friendly Guide

Welcome to Arthritis Treatment Lab’s guide to big cell arthritis. If you or a loved one has been recently diagnosed with this condition, you may have many questions about what it is, how it develops, and what treatment options are available. Don’t worry; we are here to help you navigate through the complexities of big cell arthritis. In this guide, we will cover everything you need to know about symptoms, causes, treatments, and lifestyle strategies to help you manage big cell arthritis effectively. Let’s get started!

Key Takeaways:

  • Big cell arthritis is a complex condition that requires proper management to maintain good health.
  • Arthritis Treatment Lab is here to support those affected by big cell arthritis in finding effective treatment options.
  • This guide will cover the basics of big cell arthritis, from symptoms and causes to available treatments and lifestyle strategies.
  • A proper diagnosis is crucial for effective management of big cell arthritis.
  • Maintaining good emotional health is an essential component of managing big cell arthritis.

What is Big Cell Arthritis?

big cell arthritis

Big cell arthritis, also known as giant cell arteritis, is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the arteries, particularly those in the head and neck. It commonly affects people over the age of 50 and is more common in women than men.

The symptoms of big cell arthritis can be subtle and vary from person to person. Some of the common symptoms associated with the condition include headache, scalp tenderness, jaw pain, vision changes, and fatigue. The symptoms often worsen over time and require prompt medical attention.

The exact cause of big cell arthritis is currently unknown. However, it is believed to be caused by a faulty immune system that mistakenly attacks the body’s healthy tissues, leading to inflammation and damage. Risk factors for developing big cell arthritis include advanced age, being female, and having a history of certain infections.

Diagnosing Big Cell Arthritis

Big cell arthritis can be challenging to diagnose, as its symptoms can mimic those of other conditions. If you are experiencing symptoms such as joint pain, stiffness, and fatigue, it’s essential to seek evaluation from a healthcare professional.

A medical examination is typically the first step in diagnosing big cell arthritis. Your doctor will perform a physical exam to check for joint tenderness and stiffness, as well as to assess your range of motion.

Various tests can help confirm a diagnosis of big cell arthritis. Blood tests may be conducted to check for signs of inflammation and to rule out other conditions. Imaging tests such as X-rays, ultrasounds, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may also be used to examine the affected joints.

In some cases, a biopsy may be necessary to examine the synovial tissue and confirm the diagnosis of big cell arthritis.

It’s important to note that a diagnosis of big cell arthritis often requires a team effort from healthcare professionals, such as rheumatologists, radiologists, and pathologists. Don’t be discouraged if your diagnosis takes time.

Available Treatments for Big Cell Arthritis

Big cell arthritis can be managed through various treatment options, including medications and therapies. The type of treatment that works best for an individual depends on factors such as age, overall health, and the severity of the condition.


Several medications are available to help manage the symptoms of big cell arthritis. These include:

Medication How it works
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) Reduces pain and inflammation
Corticosteroids Reduces inflammation and suppresses the immune system
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) Slows the progression of big cell arthritis and reduces joint damage
Biologic response modifiers Blocks specific immune system proteins to reduce inflammation and joint damage

It is important to work with a rheumatologist to determine the most appropriate medication and dosage for your condition.


Physical and occupational therapies can help to improve joint function and reduce pain. The following therapies may be recommended:

  • Range-of-motion exercises
  • Strength-training exercises
  • Assistive devices, such as braces or splints
  • Heat or cold therapy

In addition, counseling with a mental health professional may be recommended to help cope with the emotional impact of big cell arthritis.

Overall, working with a healthcare team that includes a rheumatologist, physical therapist, and mental health professional can help to develop an effective treatment plan for managing big cell arthritis.

Lifestyle Strategies for Managing Big Cell Arthritis

Managing big cell arthritis requires more than just medical intervention; it also involves making lifestyle changes that can have a significant impact on your overall well-being. Here are some practical strategies that can help you manage this condition:


Regular exercise can help alleviate joint pain and stiffness, increase flexibility and strength, and improve overall physical and mental well-being. However, it is essential to consult with your doctor before starting any exercise regimen, as certain activities can exacerbate pain and inflammation. Some exercises that may benefit people with big cell arthritis include:

  • Low-impact activities like swimming and walking
  • Stretching exercises to increase flexibility
  • Strength training to improve muscle tone and support joints


A healthy diet can help maintain a healthy weight, which can reduce the stress placed on joints affected by big cell arthritis. Additionally, some foods have anti-inflammatory properties that may help alleviate pain and inflammation. Consider incorporating the following into your diet:

  • Foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, walnuts, and chia seeds
  • Colorful fruits and vegetables, which contain antioxidants and other anti-inflammatory compounds
  • Whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats such as avocado and olive oil

Manage Stress

Stress can exacerbate symptoms of big cell arthritis, so it is important to find ways to manage it effectively. Some strategies that may help include:

  • Mindfulness practices, such as meditation and deep breathing exercises
  • Engaging in hobbies or activities you enjoy, such as reading or listening to music
  • Spending time with friends and family for emotional support

Remember, finding what works best for you is key in managing big cell arthritis. Be patient with yourself and don’t be afraid to try different strategies to find what best helps you manage this condition.

Coping with the Emotional Impact of Big Cell Arthritis

big cell arthritis

Managing big cell arthritis can be a rollercoaster ride that takes you through a wide range of emotions, including frustration, anger, sadness, and fear. It is essential to remember that these feelings are entirely normal, and you are not alone in this journey.

At times, you might find it challenging to cope with your emotional state, and that is okay too. However, there are some strategies you can adopt to help you stay positive and maintain your mental well-being.

Seeking Support

Having a solid support system can significantly help you cope with the emotional impact of big cell arthritis. Your loved ones can provide a listening ear, empathize with you, and offer valuable insights that can help you stay positive. Joining a support group can also help you connect with others who are going through similar experiences.

Additionally, do not hesitate to seek professional help if you feel overwhelmed by your emotions. Your healthcare provider can refer you to a specialist who can provide counselling or therapy.

Engage in Activities That Bring You Joy

Big cell arthritis can make it challenging to participate in activities you once enjoyed. However, it is essential to find ways to engage in activities that bring you joy, even if that means making some adjustments. For instance, if you love hiking, you can opt for easy trails or choose to engage in less strenuous forms of exercise such as swimming or yoga.

Participating in activities that bring you joy can distract you from your pain and make you feel more positive and energized.

Practice Self-Care

Self-care involves taking care of your physical, emotional, and mental well-being. It is a crucial aspect of managing big cell arthritis, and it can significantly impact your emotional state. Taking care of yourself includes getting enough sleep, eating a well-balanced diet, and staying physically active as much as possible.

It is also essential to make time for relaxation and stress-reducing activities such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, or a warm bath.

Remember, managing big cell arthritis is not just about addressing the physical symptoms; taking care of your emotional and mental well-being is equally important. Be kind to yourself, seek support from loved ones and healthcare providers, and engage in activities that bring you joy.

Research and Advances in Big Cell Arthritis Treatment

While there is currently no cure for big cell arthritis, ongoing research and advances offer hope for future treatment options. Scientists are continually exploring new approaches to better understand the condition and develop more effective treatments.

One area of research involves the use of biologic medications, which target specific components of the immune system. These medications may offer a more targeted approach to treating big cell arthritis and minimizing side effects.

Additionally, studies are underway to better understand the underlying causes of big cell arthritis and identify potential new drug targets. Some researchers are investigating the role of certain proteins in the development of the condition and exploring ways to manipulate these proteins to prevent or alleviate symptoms.

Another area of focus is regenerative medicine, which utilizes stem cells to repair damaged tissue. While still in the early stages of development, this approach may eventually provide a way to regenerate damaged joint tissue and slow or halt the progression of big cell arthritis.

As research continues, it is important for individuals with big cell arthritis to stay informed about new developments and potential treatment options. By working closely with their healthcare providers and staying up-to-date on the latest research, individuals can advocate for their own health and receive the best possible care.


In conclusion, having a good understanding of big cell arthritis is essential in managing this condition. By recognizing the symptoms and causes, you can work closely with your healthcare provider and receive an accurate diagnosis. There are various treatments available, from medications to therapies, that can alleviate symptoms and improve your quality of life.

Physical activity and dietary adjustments can also be implemented as lifestyle strategies to help manage big cell arthritis. It’s important to take care of your emotional well-being as well, and finding support can be beneficial. Staying informed about the latest research and advances in treatment can also provide hope for potential future treatments.

Arthritis Treatment Lab is here to support you on your journey to managing big cell arthritis. By utilizing the information provided in this guide, you can take control of your condition and improve your overall well-being.


Q: What is big cell arthritis?

A: Big cell arthritis is a type of inflammatory arthritis characterized by swelling and inflammation of the large joints, such as the knees, hips, and shoulders.

Q: What are the symptoms of big cell arthritis?

A: Common symptoms of big cell arthritis include joint pain, stiffness, swelling, and limited range of motion. Fatigue and general malaise may also be present.

Q: What causes big cell arthritis?

A: The exact cause of big cell arthritis is unknown, but it is believed to be an autoimmune disorder, where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own joint tissues.

Q: How is big cell arthritis diagnosed?

A: Diagnosis of big cell arthritis typically involves a thorough medical history assessment, physical examination, and specific blood tests that can detect markers of inflammation.

Q: What are the available treatments for big cell arthritis?

A: Treatment options for big cell arthritis may include medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). In some cases, joint replacement surgery may be necessary.

Q: Are there lifestyle strategies that can help manage big cell arthritis?

A: Yes, adopting a healthy lifestyle can greatly assist in managing big cell arthritis. Regular exercise, maintaining a balanced diet, and managing stress can all contribute to improved overall well-being.

Q: How can I cope with the emotional impact of big cell arthritis?

A: Coping with the emotional impact of big cell arthritis can be challenging, but seeking support from loved ones, joining a support group, and practicing self-care can all contribute to positive mental well-being.

Q: Is there ongoing research and advances in big cell arthritis treatment?

A: Yes, ongoing research is being conducted to explore new treatment options and advancements in the management of big cell arthritis. Staying informed and staying connected with medical professionals can help you stay up to date with the latest developments.

Jillian Hunt is a strong and inspiring individual who has been living with arthritis for over a decade. Despite the challenges she faces, she’s determined to find ways to manage her condition and improve her quality of life. She’s also an advocate for others who face similar challenges, sharing her insights on various forums.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You might also like

Arthritis Treatment Lab is a blog dedicated to providing information and resources on various treatment options for arthritis. From traditional approaches such as medication and physical therapy, to alternative therapies like acupuncture and herbal remedies, we strive to educate and empower individuals who are living with this condition. Our articles cover the latest research findings, practical tips for managing symptoms, and personal stories from people who have successfully overcome arthritis. Whether you are newly diagnosed or a long-time sufferer, Arthritis Treatment Lab is here to support you on your journey towards better health.