Understanding Common Arthritis: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

If you or someone you know suffers from arthritis, you likely understand how debilitating this condition can be. Arthritis is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide, making even everyday tasks a challenge.

Common arthritis is a type of arthritis that affects the joints and causes inflammation. It can occur in any joint in the body, but it usually affects the hands, knees, hips, and spine. Understanding the causes and symptoms of this condition is crucial to managing its effects and improving your overall quality of life.

Key Takeaways:

  • Arthritis is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide.
  • Common arthritis is a type of arthritis that causes inflammation in the joints.
  • Understanding the causes and symptoms of common arthritis is crucial to managing its effects and improving your overall quality of life.

What is Common Arthritis?

common arthritis

Arthritis is a condition that causes inflammation and stiffness in the joints. It is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Common arthritis is a type of arthritis that affects the joints of the body and is often referred to as “osteoarthritis”.

Osteoarthritis is caused by wear and tear on the joints over time. This can be due to physical activity or aging. It commonly affects weight-bearing joints like the hips, knees, and spine but can also affect the fingers and wrists.

Other types of arthritis that fall under the common arthritis category include rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and gout. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in the joints, while psoriatic arthritis is associated with the skin condition, psoriasis. Gout is a form of arthritis that occurs when uric acid crystals build up in the joints and cause pain and inflammation.

It is essential to understand the type of arthritis an individual has as it can impact the treatment options available to them. Arthritis types can also affect how the condition progresses over time.

Causes of Common Arthritis

Common arthritis, also known as osteoarthritis, is caused by various factors. The primary cause is age-related wear and tear on the joints, leading to a breakdown of cartilage. As the cartilage deteriorates, bones begin to rub against each other, leading to pain and inflammation.

Other causes of common arthritis include:

  • Genetics: Some people are genetically predisposed to developing arthritis.
  • Joint injuries: Injuries to the joint, such as those caused by sports or accidents, can predispose individuals to developing arthritis.
  • Overuse: Jobs or activities that require repetitive motions can wear down joints and increase the risk of arthritis.
  • Obesity: Excess weight puts stress on the joints, leading to increased wear and tear over time.

Several risk factors can increase an individual’s likelihood of developing common arthritis. These include:

  • Age: Arthritis is more common in older adults.
  • Gender: Women are more likely than men to develop arthritis.
  • Family history: A family history of arthritis increases the risk of developing the condition.
  • Joint injury: Previous joint injuries increase the risk of developing arthritis in that joint.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese increases the stress on joints, leading to accelerated wear and tear.

By understanding the causes and risk factors of common arthritis, individuals can take steps to prevent or manage the condition. Maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding joint injuries, and staying physically active can all help reduce the risk of developing arthritis.

Symptoms of Common Arthritis

Common arthritis, despite involving various types, has some common symptoms and signs. The symptoms of common arthritis often develop slowly and worsen over time. Below are some of the most common symptoms:

common arthritis

  • Pain: The joints affected by arthritis may hurt during or after movement.
  • Stiffness: The affected joint may feel stiff, especially during the morning hours, or after a long period of inactivity.
  • Swelling: The joint may swell, often becoming red and warm to the touch.
  • Limited range of motion: Individuals with arthritis experience a decrease in their joint’s range of motion, making it difficult or impossible to move the affected joint smoothly and freely.
  • Fatigue: Arthritis may cause fatigue or a feeling of tiredness in some individuals, probably due to the body’s efforts to deal with inflammation.

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is essential to seek medical attention promptly. Early diagnosis and treatment may prevent further damage and ease the progression of symptoms.

Diagnosing Common Arthritis

Diagnosing common arthritis is crucial in managing the condition effectively. The diagnosis process for arthritis typically involves a combination of physical examination, medical history review, and laboratory tests. In some cases, additional imaging tests may be necessary.

During the physical exam, your doctor will check for any visible signs of joint inflammation or stiffness and may also test for range of motion in your joints. This process will help them determine the affected joints and any potential underlying causes.

Medical history review involves your doctor asking you questions about your symptoms, including when they began and how they have progressed over time. Your doctor may also ask about your family’s medical history and any previous injuries or illnesses that could contribute to the development of arthritis.

Laboratory tests are useful in determining the type of arthritis you have and the severity of your condition. These tests may include blood tests, joint fluid analysis, and imaging tests such as X-rays or MRIs. Blood tests can detect certain markers that indicate the presence of arthritis, while joint fluid analysis can help determine the type of arthritis present. Imaging tests allow for a clear view of the affected joints, helping to identify any structural abnormalities or damage.

The Bottom Line

The diagnosis process for common arthritis is comprehensive and may involve multiple tests and examinations. Diagnosing the condition early is crucial for effective management, so it’s essential to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms of arthritis. With the right diagnosis and treatment plan, individuals with arthritis can manage their condition and maintain a good quality of life.

Treatments for Common Arthritis

Managing common arthritis requires a comprehensive approach that combines medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications. Although there is no known cure for arthritis, treatment options can help manage pain, improve joint function, and delay the progression of the disease.


Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen, aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen sodium can help relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Prescription medications such as corticosteroids, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), and biologics can also help alleviate symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. However, it is important to work closely with a doctor to determine the most effective medication and dosage for each individual case.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy can help improve joint function, flexibility, and range of motion. A physical therapist can design a personalized exercise program to help manage symptoms and prevent further joint damage. Strengthening exercises, low-impact aerobics, and stretching can all help improve arthritis symptoms.

Lifestyle Modifications

Lifestyle modifications such as weight management, regular exercise, and a healthy diet can all help improve arthritis symptoms. Losing weight may reduce joint pain, while regular exercise can improve joint function and flexibility. A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein can also help reduce inflammation in the body.

In summary, there are various treatment options available for managing common arthritis. By working closely with a doctor and incorporating medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications into a comprehensive treatment plan, individuals can effectively manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.


Understanding common arthritis and its treatment options is crucial for individuals who may be experiencing symptoms. Effective arthritis treatment can significantly improve one’s quality of life, allowing them to participate in daily activities with ease and minimal discomfort.

While there is no cure for arthritis, the available treatment options can help manage pain, reduce inflammation, and prevent further damage to the joints. It is essential to work closely with a healthcare professional to develop a personalized treatment plan that works best for one’s individual needs.

By recognizing and addressing the symptoms of common arthritis early on, individuals can take control of their health and prevent the progression of the condition. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise and a balanced diet, can also aid in managing arthritis symptoms.


Overall, it is important to remember that common arthritis is a manageable condition and should not hinder one’s ability to lead a fulfilling life. By staying informed and seeking appropriate treatment, individuals can continue to engage in the activities they love while managing their arthritis symptoms effectively.


Q: What is common arthritis?

A: Common arthritis refers to a group of conditions that cause inflammation and stiffness in the joints. It includes different types of arthritis such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Q: What are the causes of common arthritis?

A: The causes of common arthritis can vary depending on the type. Osteoarthritis is often caused by aging and wear and tear on the joints, while rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder. Other factors such as genetics and joint injuries can also contribute to the development of common arthritis.

Q: What are the symptoms of common arthritis?

A: Common symptoms of arthritis include joint pain, stiffness, swelling, and decreased range of motion. Individuals may also experience fatigue and general discomfort. It’s important to note that symptoms can vary depending on the type of arthritis.

Q: How is common arthritis diagnosed?

A: Common arthritis is typically diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. These may include blood tests, imaging scans, and joint fluid analysis to confirm the presence of arthritis and determine the specific type.

Q: What are the treatment options for common arthritis?

A: Treatment for common arthritis aims to manage symptoms, reduce inflammation, and improve joint function. It can include a combination of medication, physical therapy, lifestyle changes, and in some cases, surgery. The specific treatment plan will depend on the type and severity of arthritis.

Jillian Hunt is a strong and inspiring individual who has been living with arthritis for over a decade. Despite the challenges she faces, she’s determined to find ways to manage her condition and improve her quality of life. She’s also an advocate for others who face similar challenges, sharing her insights on various forums.

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Arthritis Treatment Lab is a blog dedicated to providing information and resources on various treatment options for arthritis. From traditional approaches such as medication and physical therapy, to alternative therapies like acupuncture and herbal remedies, we strive to educate and empower individuals who are living with this condition. Our articles cover the latest research findings, practical tips for managing symptoms, and personal stories from people who have successfully overcome arthritis. Whether you are newly diagnosed or a long-time sufferer, Arthritis Treatment Lab is here to support you on your journey towards better health.